The Charter of the United Nations was created as a way to save “future generations from the scourge of war.” This is the result of the inability of the League of Nations to resolve the conflicts that led to the Second World War. Now, as early as 1941, the Allies have made a proposal that has created a new international body for peacekeeping in the post-war world. The idea of the United Nations began to be articulated in August 1941, when U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill signed the Atlantic Charter, which proposed a set of principles of international cooperation for the maintenance of peace and security. This term was first used officially on January 1, 1942, when representatives of 26 allied nations met in Washington D.C and signed the United Nations Declaration, which endorsed the Atlantic Charter and presented the United Allied War Objectives. The United Nations Conference on the International Organization, convened in San Francisco on 25 April 1945, met with 50 represented nations. Three months later, when Germany visited, the final Charter of the United Nations was unanimously adopted by delegates. It was signed on June 26; The Charter, which included a preamble and 19 chapters, divided into 111 articles, called on the United Nations to maintain international peace and security, promote social progress and improve living standards, strengthen international law and promote the extension of human rights. The main organs of the United Nations, as defined in the Charter, were: the Secretariat, the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice and the Guardianship Council. Wherever there are states, there are treaties.
Since ancient times, treaties have been a decisive instrument of state art and diplomacy. Because treaties are agreements between different states, often concluded at the end of a conflict, they fundamentally redevelop borders, economies, alliances and international relations. Here are five of the most important treaties in history. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted on 10 December 1948 by the United Nations General Assembly, is the result of the experience of the Second World War. With the end of this war and the creation of the United Nations, the international community has never again promised to allow atrocities like the one in this conflict.